Aligarh Movement| History And Background of Aligarh Movement | CSS/PCS/PMS

Aligarh Movement| History And Background of Aligarh Movement | CSS/PCS/PMS

Aligarh Movement| History And Background of Aligarh Movement | CSS/PCS/PMS


The Aligarh Movement:

The War of Independence of 1857 ended in disaster Muslims. The British believed they were Muslims they were responsible for the war of 1857, which is why they were they are subjected to ruthless punishment and ruthless revenge. The British have always looked to Muslims enemies because they were saved from power. With in the war of 1857 this feeling intensified they tried to destroy and repress the Muslims forever. Thus, the Mughal rule ended and fell directly below the British crown on the subcontinent.

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan brought modern education to development:

After the Muslim rule, the new rulers, the British, introduced new ones education policy with drastic changes. Politics restricted Arabic, Persian and religious education in schools, and they were made in English only educational tool, and the official language of 1835. incorrect attitude to everything modern and western and willing to do they have made use of the opportunities offered by the new system among Muslims. If you had continued for a long time, this would have been the trend proved to be disastrous for the Muslim community. Such were the days of despair and despair when Sir Syed appeared on the horizon of Muslim India to save them. Sir Syed believes the regeneration of Muslims in India did not see at all that humanity had entered an important phase of its existence, that is, the era of science and learning that was its source progress and prosperity for the British. That's why modern education has become the focus the regeneration movement of Muslims in India, which brought a full orientation to the their lives. He tried to transform Muslim consciousness from a medieval perspective into a modern one. Hali and Shibli joined the Aligarh Movement.


Sir Syed's first and foremost goal was modernize Muslims in the West cultural values   that can be friendly atmosphere for the two communities.HE encouraged his community to learn the Western language philosophy and English literature to get to know each other with the ruling people. Therefore, in order to fulfill this desire, he launched the Aligarh movement.

There were two immediate goals:
1) Removing the Power Condition a Muslims and the British Government, and -
2) Encourage them to get jobs and other things facilities under the new government.
For him, this was the only way for Muslims to flourish.

Sir Syed's ideas can be summarized as follows:
1. Creating an atmosphere of mutual understanding the British government and Muslims.
2. Motivating Muslims to Learn Western Education.
3. To persuade Muslims to refrain from agitating politics.

Fortunately, Syed Ahmad Khan attracted many sincere friends who shared him and helped her. Well-known personalities such as Nawab Mohsin ul Mulk, Nawab Viqar ul Mulk, Hali, Shibli, Nazir Ahmad, Chiragh Ali, Mohammad Hayat and Zakaullah. all these personalities supported the case raised by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. Some English professors like him Bech, Morison, Raleigh and Arnold also contributed greatly to the construction of Aligarh College first class institution. Syed Ahmad started his education movement by setting up Gulshan School in Muradabad - 1859; In 1863 the Gazipuri Victoria School; Scientific Native Translator for English Works, Urdu, a Aligarh in 1864; Aligarh Institute Gazette History Information - ancient and modern, agricultural science, natural sciences, physics and advanced Mathematics in 1866; Committee for the Development of Muslim Education - 1870; Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental School (MAO) in Aligarh in 1875 following the pattern of the English audience schools, then college in 1877 and university in 1920; Mohammedan Educational Conference (1886), which met annually to review educational problems applying for and persuading Muslims to acquire modern education and refrain from politics; later became a political mouthpiece as the forerunner of Indian Muslims and All India Muslims league.

In addition to its prominent role, The writings of the Muslim Syed Ahmad Khan played an important role to promote the ideals that Aligarh stood for. It's Risala Asbab-i-Baghawat-i-Hind in 1858; and other writings as faithful Muslims of India; Tabyin-ul-Kalam and Khutbat-i-Ahmadiya are rooted in the misunderstandings about Islamic teachings and contributed to the connection between their hearts The British government and Muslims in India have also contributed to ending the misunderstanding about Islam and Christianity. It was from this platform that Syed Ahmad Khan started off strongly prohibited Muslims from joining the ruling Hindu political party, the National Congress of India. He regretted Urdu-Hindi controversy was initiated by the Hindus and predicted that both nations could no longer live together. He was reserved places for Muslims and promoted the idea that Hindus and Hinduism Muslims are two separate nations that led to the Two Nations theory. The Aligarh Movement of Syed Ahmad Khan played an important role in the creation of the intelligentsia revolution among Indian Muslims. In this way, the Aligarh Movement succeeded in reaching the great majority goals and the depressed Muslim community have become the true status of the nation.

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