Downfall of the Muslims in the Subcontinent | Pakistan Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

Downfall of the Muslims in the Subcontinent | Pakistan Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

Downfall of the Muslims in the Subcontinent | Pakistan Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

Downfall of the Muslims in the Subcontinent:

There were many reasons for the decline of the Muslim empire on the subcontinent. Some of these are.

The weak successors of Aurangzeb:

After Aurangzeb's death, his incapacitated and weak descendants were not persevered in owning his vast empire. There was an inheritance war between his sons. After 1707 A.M .: Most of the Mughal rulers were satisfied with luxury and indolence. They were named with worldly comfort and could not bear the hardships. Rulers like Muhammad Shah Rangila love singing and dancing more than imperial affairs.

Poor central government:

A strong sultanate requires a strong central government. As the central government weakens, there are uprisings in the country. When Muslim rulers lost control of central government, Decan Marathas, Sikhs of the Punjab, Agra and Delhi Jats took advantage of the situation. Many independent states have been established on their territory.

No inheritance rule:

The Mughals had no rules for succession. When a ruler died, many royal princes claimed the right to inherit. There was a war between them. The victorious prince would kill his opponents and succeed on the throne. The nobles and the army are therefore divided into many groups. This struck the government's prestige and power. Many experienced generals were murdered. The succession war between the sons of Shah Jehan caused great damage to the goodwill of the Mughal dynasty.

Lack of resources:

Due to the weakness of the Mughal rulers Bengal, Gujarat, Konan and the province became independent.As a result, the government's financial resources have been reduced and the government's treasure has been depleted. In the last days of the Mughal rule, emperors were retired from the British government. The lack of financial resources made it difficult to recruit a huge army for defense.

Backward in education:

During the Muslim rule, the education system was completely dependent on the religious institutions operated by the trustees. The Britisher confiscated these trusts. As a result, Muslims lagged behind in education. They did not cooperate with the conquerors and did not want to learn English, which was the way of modern science. This backlog had a profound effect on their economic and political lives. As a result, Hindus occupied high positions in government offices and Muslims were abandoned in all their lives.

Luxury life:

Because of the richness and extension of the Mughal rule, the Mughal princes favored a luxurious life. In the royal court, tyrants and musicians were favored over brave and warrior soldiers. When the nobles saw that the flatterers were more respected and rewarded than anyone else, they were tempted to choose the same career path.

Akbar's unjustified liberal policy:

Akbar was a ruler, marked by greatness. He carried out many conquests and established an effective government in his vast empire. He was so liberal that he married Hindu women and appointed him Hindu to key positions. Thus the Hindus exercised influence and began to exercise their authority over state affairs. Akbar also introduced a new religion, Deen-i-Ilahi, which forced him to take measures that were against the principles of the Islamic faith. This policy caused severe damage to his vast empire and led him to decline.

Weak military force:

Muslim rulers could not sense the call of time. They did not attach importance to the development of modern weapons and the latest techniques of warfare. Muslim soldiers depended on arrows and spears, which were not enough to face the new challenges. The generals lost their courage. They became so loving that they went to the battlefield with litters and were accompanied by servants and women.In the 16th century, when the European countries reached India, the Muslim army exploited the weakness and brought its territory under its control. The decline in military power is an important reason for the overthrow of Muslim rule in the subcontinent.

Lack of Navy:

Muslim rulers of the subcontinent did not attach importance to the navy, while European countries developed their fleets, which created superiority over the coastal countries. The Navy can easily conquer the new area. Muslims did not have a navy to protect their coastline. The conditions in the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean have reached a level where pilgrims had to seek permission from the Portuguese before the pilgrimage began. The Portuguese openly warned Muslims to take revenge on them at sea if they were later harmed.

Foreign invasions:

During the reign of Muhammad Shah Rangili, India was attacked by Nadir Shah from Iran. This attack proved to be a serious blow to the Mughal kingdom. The massacre of the invaders in Delhi destroyed the country's economy and the Mughal emperor completely lost his dignity. Later, the Marats paralyzed even the remaining Mughal power. Even in these critical circumstances, the courtiers continued to plot. Ahmad Shah Abdala's invasion even destroyed the remaining prestige of the Mughal Kingdom. The third battle at Panipat destroyed the power of the Marathas, but only gave the British the opportunity to consolidate their position in the Subcontinent.

Internal conspiracies:

Aurangzeb's incompetent successors made the royal court an area of   conspiracy. Ministers and nobility were created on key positions and a monopoly on state affairs. This fight has greatly upset the entire administration. There was jealousy and hypocrisy in the country. The nobles contended for power. This state of affairs meant that the country was too weak to survive.

Loss of the Spirit of Jahud:

Jehad's spirit has always been the main source of the Islamic government. Akbar provoked this spirit, preferring the Hindus to the Muslims. According to Akbar, the requirement for fresh blood for the Central Asian warfare army has been abandoned. Local recruiters loved the quiet life. The Mogul princes spoiled themselves with luxury. Life and the army have become lazy. This factor weakened the Muslim army and could no longer defend the country.

Foreign intrigues: 

The British who came as traders took full advantage of internal anarchy. They conspired with Meer Jafar and became the rulers of Bengal. The gold of Bengal made their success possible in the Anglo-French wars of the Deccan. In Mysore, they competed with Mir Sadiq to betray the Tipu Sultan.They used advanced military power as well as intriguing tricks to weaken the Muslim government and succeeded in their imperialist views. After the failure of the war of independence (1857), they put an end to Muslim rule and brought the entire continent under their control.

Post a comment