Fasting| Fourth Pillar of Islam Fasting | CSS/PCS/PMS

Fasting| Fourth Pillar of Islam Fasting | CSS/PCS/PMS

Fasting| Fourth Pillar of Islam Fasting | CSS/PCS/PMS


• Defining fasting
• The importance of fasting
• Individual benefits
i) Spiritual Benefits
ii) Physical Benefits
iii) Moral Benefits
• Collective benefits
(i) social benefits
(ii) Economic benefits
• Conclusion

• Definition Of Fasting: 

Saum (fasting) is the fourth column of Islam. The word "Saum" means "to be at peace". This includes abstinence, which includes abstinence from eating, drinking and sexual intercourse for a certain period of time, usually from dawn to dusk.

The Holy Quran says:
Oh, you who believe! You are prescribed fasting as you have been prescribed in order to be reverent: For certain days. Then everyone who is sick or traveling, has the same number of other days. And for those who are hard to bear, redemption is done by feeding the poor ... ... a month of Ramzan in which the Holy Qur'an was sent, a Guide to Mankind. ... so leave it to you, Who's present this month fast. "
(Al-Baqara: 183-185)

Fasting is a must for any Muslim adult (baligh) who makes sense (aaqil) and who is physically fit (Qadir). The month of Ramzan was fasted - the month of the revelation of the Holy Qur'an. The word "Ramzan" comes from the term "Ramz" which means "to burn" (selfish desires). There are too many other fasts during Ramzan fasting, but the Ramzan fasting is a must and most important.

• The importance of fasting:

The importance of fasting is to train people's minds and raise their moral aptitude. It restrains passions, but abstinence, and thus body and mind, can quickly gain control. This (fast) discourages man from the average and selfish desires and secular thoughts. Fasting is primarily a spiritual discipline aimed at divine intimacy. Speeds are spiritual journeys.
Finally, fasting increases the unity of these types of institutions in the Muslim world. The status of the poor and the rich is the same in the holy month of Ramzan, at least in terms of food.

• Individual benefits:

i) Spiritual Benefits:
Fasting has tremendous spiritual value because it is essentially spiritual practice and discipline. It brings man closer to God and removes all obstacles between him and the Lord.
Oh, those who thought you were ordering are fasting as you were ordered to be true.
(Al-Baqara: 183)

The purpose of fasting in this verse of the Qur'an is to attain taqwa. Believers are commanded to keep fasting during the month of Ramzan in order to attain closeness to God. God is fasting. He only knows if anyone is fasting or not, it brings the Creator very close. Fasting throughout the day reminds a person to refrain from food, drink, and other pleasures of life, obeying God's command. There is nobody who can see and control whether you eat, drink or enjoy other pleasures of life. He abstains from all these things, fully aware that God is always with Him and always sees and hears that He is doing everything and that nothing can be hidden from Him. In this way, fasting develops a very strong sense of intimacy and intimacy with God and His presence everywhere.

ii) Physical Benefits:
Fasting also has physical utility. Health improves during fasting. "The digestive capacity is improving. Human growth is better."When the digestive organs rest during fasting, their power and strength to continue working increases. During fasting, one feels hunger and thirst, and thus makes life difficult. The resistance is growing and you can face difficulties with a smile.

iii) Ethical/Moral Benefits.
The ethical significance of fasting lies in its refraining not only from bad deeds but also from bad words. Hadith refers to;
"The fasting shield that saves me from bad words and bad deeds."
 During the holy month of Ramzan, Muslims generally remain pure and try to entertain with pious deeds, pious thoughts, and pious associates.
Hadith refers to when Ramzan's month arrives:
"The door of heaven is open, the door of hell is closed, and the devils are chained."
The door of heaven is open to them as they transcend physical desires and are devoted to the service of Allah and humanity. The door of hell is closed to them because they avoid all evil that can lead them to hell. The devils are chained because they have conquered the lower passions, which are easy sacrifices for the devils. The month of Ramadan is suitable for "spiritual development, attainment of God."

• Collective benefits:

I) Social Benefits:
During the month of Ramadan, all the rich and poor Muslims gather in the mosque during the iftari time and at night for further tarawih prayer. In fact, it is a time of great celebration in the mosque. Every month during the month, they feel, experience and see the brotherhood in the mosques.Fasting has a great social impact, when all Muslims, rich and poor, fast in every area of   life.Many people meet for the prayer of iftari and tarawih in the mosque and sit together. It helps to bring them closer together, filled with excitement and feelings of love and brotherhood. At the end of the Ramadan is the festival of Eid-al-Fitr, when Muslims gather to greet two Rakat Eid prayers and thank their Lord for successfully completing the month of fasting. The Ramadan and Eid festivals are only for the benefit of Muslims unless they provide the poor members of the Muslim community with enough money to celebrate the Eid. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) placed great emphasis on paying Fitrana before the feast of Eid. He even told his followers that not paying this poor salary would invalidate their fasts.
In short, the month of Ramadan brings huge economic benefits to Muslim communities, especially the poor. It brings the blessings of God into the homes of rich people with riches and food.

(ii) Economic benefits:
Among other benefits, fasting has enormous economic benefits for the Muslim community. During the holy month of Ramadan, rich people are very generous with poor people for pleasing God. Their generosity and charity enables poor sections of the Islamic community to receive enough funds this month to meet their needs for at least a part of the year. Then people who cannot fast due to illness or old age are asked to compensate the poor. Many rich people, who are fasting or are very old, feed poor people during this month.
[Fasting] for a limited number of days. So whoever is sick or on the move - then you have to set up the same number of days. And for those who can [go fast but have difficulties] - ransom [replaces] the poor man [every day]. And anyone who goes out voluntarily is better for him. But fasting is best for you if you could.
(Al-Baqara: 184)


The purpose of fasting is manifold. Allah mentioned in the Holy Qur'an that fasting is prescribed for believers, just as it was prescribed for the people in front of them to gain self-control and God-consciousness. Therefore, the purpose of fasting is to promote the consciousness of God, to control self, to improve health by reducing or eliminating impurity in the body, and to know the condition of the poor, hungry and sick. Ramadan is a big month of intellectual awareness and social responsibility. One of their obligations is rewarded 70 times a month.

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