How Pakistan got into vortex of by Terrorism | Current Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

How Pakistan got into vortex of by Terrorism | Current Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

How Pakistan got into vortex of by Terrorism | Current Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

How Pakistan got into vortex of by Terrorism:

We must have a broad idea of   what terrorism is, or what terrorism is, as we know it today. Terrorism, according to the normal meaning of the term, has been present in the world in various forms and manifestations since the beginning of human society. Clan punishments, tribal clashes, wars between city states, erecting empires to the detriment of weak states, uprisings against established authorities, ideological or freedom movements, revolutions, autocratic and dictatorial rules that have led to both political and state terrorism, economic and territorial objectives. The appearance of the Baader Meinhof Gang in West Germany, the Irish Republican Army in Ireland, the ETA in Spain, and the Italian Red Brigade in civilized Europe are fairly recent examples of group terrorism.

Modern states and republics have even used nuclear, chemical and biological means against alleged enemies. The use of atomic bombs by the US against Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the British attack on Dresden during World War II are counted as one of the forms of state terrorism. Japan also used chemical and biological agents in the Sino-Japanese War in the early 1940s. The methods used the white regime in South Africa, and the French in Algeria were state terrorism. Similarly, the Vietnam War; the expulsion of Palestinians from their land and their massacre by Israeli troops in the Sabra and Shatila camps; forced disappearances in Chile; the brutal suppression of uprisings in Kashmir by the Indian regime also falls under the broader definition of state terrorism. One of the popular forms of state terrorism is the patronage of armed groups in order to use them against insurgents on its territory or to infiltrate them in an alleged hostile state in order to destabilize it.

All African freedom fighters and their movements, in particular the Algerian National Liberation Front, the National Congress of South Africa and the National Union of Zimbabwe (ZANU) or the People's Union of Zimbabwe, have been designated terrorist groups by the occupation power. During the Vietnam War, Vietcong was considered a communist terrorist. Nationalists of Northern Ireland in the United Kingdom; autonomy strives for the Barcelona-based ETA in Spain; the South East Asia East Timor Freedom Movement was all labeled by the rulers as terrorists. In our continent, all nationalists who have tried to smuggle illegitimate British imperial power through disintegration and violence have been dubbed terrorists. They were persecuted, arrested, persecuted and executed in kangaroo courts. In the early 1940s, the world-famous cases of Sindhi Pir Sibghatullah Rashdi and the young Socialist revolutionary Bhagat Singh (Lahore) illustrate the state policy against British Indian violent nationalists in the 1930s.

Group terrorism, state terrorism, liberation and secessionist movements, as well as illegitimate or authoritarian or authoritarian rules, ideological and revolutionary war are so intertwined that scientists and experts, and even the United Nations, have not the definition of terrorism has been developed. this led to a broad consensus. Dr. Hassan Askari Rizvi defines terrorism as "the method or method behind the theory that an organized group or party primarily seeks to achieve its stated purpose through the systematic use of violence." And that it is "violence caused by ideological or political causes". The Institute for Strategic Studies (London) calls terrorism a 'use of violence' against people who are not directly involved in the conflict, against secretly operating groups that generally claim high political or religious goals and believe that creating an atmosphere of terror contributes to their goals. "

Terrorism investigated in the context of the above definitions has no long history in Pakistan. Previously, there were sectarian tensions in the country at the moment when Siasias Muharam commemorated Karbala's martyrs during the Islamic month. Islamist parties such as Jamaat Islami and Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam were at the Devband School of Thought, the country's politics. Later, Braveli Sunni Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Pakistan joined the ranks of Islamic political parties. Khaksar Tehrik was in decline. Islamic Jamiat-e-Tulba was the wing of the Jamaat Islamic student body, which was very active in colleges and universities. It was organized like Jamaat Islami. He aggressively promoted the Jamaat brand of Islamic political thinking to new students. They are often indoctrinated. He had to compete with liberal, democratic and secular student organizations. From time to time, Jamiat has faced fierce clashes with opponents, particularly in the selection of student unions at various universities. However, this was limited to university campuses and did not spread throughout the country.

Islamists had enough street power to influence state decisions since the country began. Shortly after the death of Pakistan's founder,pressure on Prime Minister Liaqat Ali Khan to accept a decision on objectives based on the "principles" set out by Ulema in the preamble of the country's constitution. The Constitution was adopted in 1956 with the preamble to the Decision on Objectives. For the first time, religious unrest took place in the early 1950s against Ahmadis in the Punjab. The riots have paralyzed the provincial government. The fighting law was enacted in the province and General Azam was appointed as the battle administrator. The unrest has sealed its third fate as equal citizens of Pakistan, intensifying hostility to Islam and its political and religious organizations.

Despite the violent political events in the early years of our independence, or the alarming demonstrations of the Bengali language or the violent uprising of Baloch by the federal authorities in 1948 and the mid-1950s, there is no known terrorist group operating on our land. In the mid-1970s, we heard fire and explosion explosions of the first PPP government, with particular regard to the dismissal of the Awami Party government in Balozistan and the subsequent use of force to suppress the uprising by the two Marri and Mengal tribes. By then Sardar Daud had deposited his brother, King Zahir Shah, and declared Afghanistan a republic. He hired some NAP leaders.

It revived the slogan of Greater Pakhtunistan and the controversial Durand Line. Some of his opponents, including Gulbadin Hikmatyar young engineer Abdul Haq Haqqani and Ahmed Masood, crossed the border and took refuge in Pakistan. As Sardar Daud extended all aid to the Baloch rebels, the bhutto regime retaliated against the protests of these Afghan activists. At that time, they witnessed violence and sabotage in Balochistan and the KPK. In the bomb blasts, we lost the Pakhtun veteran nationalist, Khan Abdul Samad Khan Achakzai, the Balochistan and the KPK's young prime minister, Hayat Muhammad Sherpao. There have been some incidents of political violence or attacks on political rallies that have resulted in casualties and loss of life. Two politicians, Dr. Nazir Ahmed of Jamaat Islami and Khwaja Rafiq Ahmad of the Muslim League, were murdered. However, these were independent events and did not reflect the evolving form of organized terrorism.

Over the years, the police have become completely politicized. Political appointments, surrenders, and shoulder-length promotions in police cadres reflect the worst form of chronism, usually associated with medieval monarchies or utilitarian states of the past centuries. All this is crowned by traditional corruption and incompetence in police rank and file. Police report torture cells and power tools in the United States for ordinary citizens of the country privileged class or rulers to score points with their opponents. This centuries-old anti-anti-culture police station leaves much to be desired to talk about their state-of-the-art security competence or control over the movement of terrorist-designated elements of prohibited militant clothing in the eyes and ears of civilian rulers.
Thus, depoliticisation and capacity building of the police, together with judicial reforms, is a major need of our time, and there is no delay. The current thana culture generates tough criminals and fills the militants, though the police were the target of terrorists as a pillar of state power. The forces received equally heavy blows from the militants. According to credible reports, since 2009, 2,500 people have been killed and 3,900 police have been seriously injured.

So far, the government has failed to provide an alternative national narrative to gather the nation for a full war on terrorism. The Ulema of the country also failed to develop Islamic discourse to refute the stalled and violent ideology of terrorists or the jihadist narrative, with few exceptions. The militants are committed to their self-governing, ultra-conservative and obscure ideology, and have cruelly targeted all segments of society in the extreme version of jihad, making optimum use of modern means of communication. Not only students of the seminar, but also graduates of higher education institutions, support their ideology. The involvement of IBA graduates in the Karachi massacre of the Agha Khani community is open to us. Following initial orders against the militant extremists' jihad, Ulemat was silenced by the targeted killing of prominent scientists, including Mufti Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi and many others.

We must be mistaken that terrorist attacks are carried out in isolation by various militant groups. This is the biggest mistake we have made in the last two decades. The militants broadly agree on the political agenda to overthrow the leaders of Muslim states who are supposedly defending the interests of Western states for Muslim causes and creating a caliphate that knows no borders in its national ideology in line with pan-politics. Political Islam is an Islamist discourse. Hizb-u Tahrir among the Afghan Taliban, al-Qaeda, Daesh or ISIS, Khorasan and Tehrik-e-Taliban in Pakistan are all committed to the creation of a caliphate. The militants are committed to their self-governing, ultra-conservative and obscure ideology, and have brutally engaged in the projection of an extreme version of jihad for all segments of society, making optimum use of modern means of communication.
Their ideology attracts Muslim militants from different parts of the planet, especially from Muslim states or regions in the Arab and African, Central Asian and Caucasian countries. Among them are Arabs, Uzbeks, Tajiks, Chechens, Dagestans, Uighurs and Jihadists in the Muslim diaspora of European states. This brings you back to George Tenet's memoirs, in which he observed that "terrorists are as connected as we all are in this borderless computer world."

 Every city has its own communication systems, communications professionals, financiers, facilitators and sympathizers. It is very expensive to maintain huge militias and organize terrorist attacks without homegrown financial and logistic support. They generate their funds through extortions, ransoms, bank robberies and donations by local and foreign patrons. They have their own ways of communication, coordination and transfer of funds. They purposely remain diffuse, scattered and clandestine working under different banners to hoodwink the security forces. These are well-known tactics of guerrilla warfare. Their strategy is to target civilians to create fear, tie down the security forces in low intensity warfare and tire the state. Their doctrinal debate and commitment to their cause, without knowing their true intentions, have a vigorous passion for devout Muslims.They have the time on their side.We reach the end of our choices. How many other military operations can we launch against them after al-Qaeda? The nation, as a well-established body, will stand alongside the security forces, so the victims will be the last blow to these invading forces or are ready to enter history as a failed state such as Somalia, Libya and Syria. General Chat Lounge As a nation, we are very grateful for having acquired this beautiful land. Remember, dear people, the Almighty forgives some of the mistakes of morality, but not the collective ungratefulness of the people. We were a grateful nation, and unfortunately we continue to be so, living in self-deception and in our selfish world when we refuse to look beyond our nose. Societies did not evolve into frightening nations in this way.

It is fitting to return to Khalil Gibran, who, in a melancholy sense, spoke of such a nation in his eternal diction: “Too bad, a nation whose sages are dull with years and whose strong men are still in the cradle. Too bad the nation is divided into fragments, every fragment considers itself a nation. ” They still have time to wake up, forgive us for our past mistakes, and stand as an exciting nation against the enemies of our country.

By: M Alam Brohi

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