Movements For Reforms | Pakistan Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

Movements For Reforms | Pakistan Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

Movements For Reforms | Pakistan Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

Shah Wali Ullah’s Reform Movement:

In the 18th century, the subcontinent faced Islamic threats. Sectarian conflict, the low moral standards of society, a misunderstanding of the Holy Qur'an and general ignorance of Islam are just some of the issues that feared that the political collapse would lead to religious disintegration. This did not happen; rather, it opened the era of religious rebirth, due in no small part to the activities of one man, Shah Wali Ullah. Shah Wali Ullah belonged to a religious family.

His father, Shah Abdul Rahim, taught at Madrasa-i-Rahimiyah. After completing his education, he went on a pilgrimage and higher education to Saudi Arabia. At this time, Indian Muslims were divided into Hanfia, Sufi, Shia, Sunni and Mullah sects. Keeping in Hijia, he decided to launch a campaign to promote Islamic values among Muslims and to present Islam in a reasonable way. Returning to the subcontinent, he began to pursue these goals.

Shah Wali Ullah's single and most important act was the translation of the Holy Qur'an into Persian plain language, the language of the earth, so that the people of the subcontinent could understand and follow it. He examined the writings of each school of thought to understand their point of view, and then wrote comprehensive volumes on what was just in the light of Islamic teachings. He developed a system of thinking, beliefs and values   that everyone except the extremists agreed upon. It thus provided the intellectual basis for national cohesion.

Shah Wali Ullah trained students in various branches of Islamic knowledge and commissioned them to teach the students. He recommended the use of Ijtihad against the blind Taqlid. He also interpreted the Qur'an and Hadith in the context of the era. Shah Wali Ullah directed his teachings to direct Muslim society towards the reorganization of the concepts of basic social justice, the elimination of social inequalities and the balancing of the misallocation of wealth. To be effective, the school has established several branches in Delhi disseminating ideas. In his book Hujjat-ullah-il-Balighah, he pointed out the causes of the chaos and the disintegration of Muslim society.These were:

  • Emphasizes public finances, benefits to people who do not attend the state.
  • Increased taxes on farmers, traders and workers by overpaying. According to Shah Vali Ullah, states can succeed when there are equal exemptions and taxes.

He wrote open letters: 

  • The Mughal leaders ignored their corrupt and ineffective practices. 
  • The soldiers will inform them of the jihad spirit. 
  • Merchants, workers and farmers to remind them that the state's economic well-being depends on their business. Emperor asks Jats to teach a lesson threatening the Mughal Empire. He also wrote and recommended not to give predators (land) for moves that were not loyal to the state. Responsibility Too much to know their responsibilities and not to accumulate wealth. Shah Wali Ullah tried to redraw the main differences between different segments of Muslims and saw the government as a necessary mechanism and body for the renewal of society. He send to Ahmad Shah Abdali; “… Give up on your simple life. Put on the sword and don't touch it until there is a difference between true religion and infidelity ... ”.

His efforts resulted in the defeat of Marhattas in the hands of Ahmed Shah Abdali and Necib-ud-Daula in the third war of Panipat in 1761.


Shah Wali Ullah was responsible for awakening the desire to restore his moral passion in society and maintain his purity. Saving the conscience, conviction, and faith of the community from destruction was no less a success. Even after his death in 1762 his sons and followers continued to work. He inspired many future Islamic leaders and thinkers from their example.

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