Pakistan versus the Kashmiri jihadis || Current Affairs || CSS/PCS/PMS

Pakistan versus the Kashmiri jihadis || Current Affairs || CSS/PCS/PMS

Pakistan versus the Kashmiri jihadis || Current Affairs || CSS/PCS/PMS

Pakistan versus the Kashmiri jihadis:

Pakistan's efforts to control the activities of jihadist groups participating in the Kashmir revolt have been studied at both national and international levels. The government has banned certain jihadist groups on several occasions, but these have generally been re-branded. Although the offices of the groups were attacked and members arrested at the time of the ban, they were quickly released: most of the 3300 members arrested in 2002 were later released. The leaders of these organizations have not only released but are still preaching about jihad. One of the most important jihadi leaders, Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, was released in November 2002 following an order from the Lahore High Court declaring his detention unlawful.

He quickly took over the leadership of his parent organization, former Markaz al Dawa, in Lashkar-e-Taiba. wal Irshad, now known as Jamaat-al-Dawa, and went on a national tour to motivate people to jihad in different cities of Pakistan. He once claimed that he recruited 7,000 boys for a jihad over a six-month period in 2003. In December 2002, the Lahore Supreme Court ordered the release of the illegitimate Jaish-e-Mohammad leader, Masood Azhar, for house arrest because of the lack of sufficient evidence submitted by the government to support his detention. Like Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, Masood Azhar soon restarted his jihad campaign in Tehrik-e-Khudam-ul-Islam - renamed Jaish-e-.

Mohammad. Fazlur-Rehman Khalil, leader of the Harkat-ul-Mujahedin, has been released after being detained in 2004 for months on charges of sending militants to Afghanistan. More interestingly, Harkat-ul-Jihad-e-Islami leader Qari Saifullah Akhtar has been discreetly dismissed by the authorities despite his organization They also claimed that the authorities provided 10,000 rupees (about $ 170) a month to Azam Tariq and Masood Azhar, all while in custody.

At the same time, terrorist incidents continued to take place in India administered by Kashmir and relevant India, and India continued to blame them for Pakistani war organizations such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad. In March 2003, Indian officials reported that they had provided the US with evidence that there were 70 jihadist training camps in Kashmir administered by Pakistan. In May 2003, the Indian Minister of Defense claimed that about 3,000 fighters were trained in Kashmir administered by Pakistan.In October 2003, an Indian spokesman claimed that Pakistan continues to run 85 training camps and urges fighters to infiltrate India-administered Kashmir .

He recalled 86 separate infiltration attempts since January this year. In response to intensified international pressure, the Pakistani government banned six war organizations in November 2003, closed its offices and froze their accounts. These groups included Islami Tehrik-e-Pakistan (Islamic Movement of Pakistan, formerly known as Tehrik-e-Jafria Pakistan); Millat-e-Islamia Pakistan (Islamic Union of Pakistan, formerly known as Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan); Tehrike-Khudam-ul-Islam (Islamic Servants Movement, formerly known as Jaishe-Mohammad); Jamiat-ul-Ansar (Meeting of Companions, formerly known as Harkat-ul-Mujahedin and Harkat-ul-Ansar); Hizb-ul-form Tahreer; and Dżamaat-ul-Furqa (Group of Distinguished People, detached faction Tehrik-e-Khudamul-Islam, referred to below).

In addition, Jamaat-al-Dawa was included on the watch list. Five of these organizations (including Jamaat-ul-Furqa) were previously banned by the government to reappear under new names. Two organizations banned in November 2003 were sectarian and were banned following sectarian attacks in Quetta (capital of the province of Baluchistan) and other parts of the country. Jaish-e-Mohammad (now called Tehrik-e-Khudamul-Islam) and Jamiat-ul-Ansar (the new name Harkat-ul-Mujahedin) are the two main groups associated with Kashmir, which were banned by the 2003 decision. The authorities, however, have difficulty stopping Masood Azhar from making press statements and organizing rallies to motivate people to jihad or stop Fazl-ur-Rehman Khalil from inciting violence in the name of religion.

Although the Indian government has repeatedly accused Pakistan of dishonesty during the war on terrorism, Pakistan's efforts to control the infiltration of fighters across the country The control line must be considered quite successful - even if the government the decision was not initially popular in military circles. While the insurgent question training camps in Kashmir administered by Pakistan and the number of infections in the entire LOC in a given year can be considered controversial, depending on from the point of view of a decrease in the level of violence in Kashmir administered by India since 2001, it indicates Pakistan's reduced support for the infiltration of militants.

The the number of fatalities resulting from violence in Kashmir, In 2004, the total number of deaths due to violence in Kashmir (army, civilian and fighter) was the lowest since 1992 and was a civilian the number of deaths was the lowest since 1990. These figures clearly show a decrease or withdrawal of support for infiltration. While the cynic may argue that they too prove that Pakistan's official commitment to the uprising is positive the news is that Pakistan has changed its policy and that it has done difference.

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