SHAH WALI ULLAH (1703-1762) History | Pakistan Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

SHAH WALI ULLAH (1703-1762) History | Pakistan Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

SHAH WALI ULLAH (1703-1762) History | Pakistan Affairs | CSS/PCS/PMS

SHAH WALI ULLAH (1703-1762)

INTRODUCTION:

Shah Waliullah's movement was the first of its kind
it focused primarily on socio-political, religious and economic reform in the EU
the degenerate Muslim community.
Aurangzeb's departure from the seat of the Mughals Empire is not only devastating
The future of the Mughals empire, but Islam and Muslims or
India.

CAUSES OF MUSLIM DECLINE:

I. Humayun nobles (Iranian)
ii. Petticoat government influence
iii. Lack of understanding of religion in its future and true spirit.
arc. The appearance of a wealthy class of feudal lords and nobles sank.
v. Overview of the Khilafat principle to the kingdom.
vi. Sectoral conflicts
vii. The money you get from the tax money from those who don't pay
appropriate service people like Ulemas and Sufis
viii. Heavy taxation of peasants, merchants and workers. Prosperity
the country depends on easy taxes

Addressing the immoral, social and political goal of Shah Wali Ullah
The regeneration of Muslims in the true spirit of Islam, ideally fair and
The social system can be fashioned.


RELIGIOUS EFFORTS:

1.CRUSADE AGAINST SECTARIANISM:
The nine Muslim communities were torn down from the top, the nobles grouped together became part of the Turani and Iranian parties themselves, which were eunemists of the Sunni and Shi'ite and joint soldiers and citizens were involved. SHAH WALIULLAH tried to delete differences based on religious beliefs. Posted by “IZALAT-ULKHIFA” and "KHILAFAT-IL-KHULAFA" means shia and Sunnis.

2.TRANSLATION OF QURAN INTO PERSIAN:
Differences in moment of detail of interpretation have been deepened For debates. These discussions on smaller issues are rather a Fundamental believers, not their unification, created divisions within them Ranks He emphasized the foundations of Islam. He introduced people once again to the main sources of Islamic doctrine and law. In order to make it clear to everyone, he translated the Qur'an into Persian.

3. BALANCE BETWEEN FOUR SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT: 
He wrote AL INSAF FI BAYAN SAHABAL IKHITLAF to balance the four schools - Hanafi, Hanbali, Shafi and Maliki. He also objects to limiting the universality of the Holy Qur'an's instructions.

4. SCHOOL OF HADITH: 
He created a school to study Hadith. He selected Imam Malik's ALMAWATA as the most authentic of all the collections of the Hadith and took steps to promote his study.

5. REINTRODUCED IJTIHAD: 
Orthodox circles at the time stated that once the Islamic law was finally codified by four great jurists, the doors of interpretation were forever closed. He condemned this principle and accepted Ijtihad generously.

6. CONTROVERSY BETWEEN SUFIS AND ULEMAS:
Shah Waliullah tried to reconcile the dispute between Sufis and Ulemas between Wahdatul-Wajood and Wahdatul-Shahood.

7. SOCIAL-MORAL REGENERATION:
It was not enough to eliminate the doctrinal differences between Muslims. Ever since they were immersed in a moral crisis that leads to serious dimensions. He rationally introduced Islam and urged the Muslim masses to shape their lives in accordance with Islamic teachings.

8. ECONOMICS:
Shah Waliullah pointed out that economics played a fundamental role in people's social life. He raised his voice in favor of economic equilibrium, the elimination of inequalities and the equitable distribution of wealth. He called on the higher classes to exercise their responsibility to the nation. Against heavy taxes and wealth accumulation.

9. POLITICAL SERVICES:
For some of his religious services, Shah Wali Ullah led Muslims in the political sphere. He came out with great wisdom and foresight to create a political revival among Indian Muslims. The rise of the Marahattas and the Sikhs caused serious problems for Muslim rulers. The Mughal rulers were no longer able to hold back the supremacy of the Muslim rule, which was seriously endangered by the appearance of the Marathas. The Marathas wanted to break the Muslim ruler forever. Shah Waliullah came to solve the precious situation. He rightly noticed that if the marathas were not effectively controlled, the Muslim political power would disappear forever. He wrote letters to noble Muslim leaders and informed them of the critical situation hanging over the head of the Mughals rule. He asked for help and successfully created some Muslim leaders. He eventually won against Najib-Ud-Daula and ShujaUd-Din against Marathas. However, Muslim leaders could not face the Marahattas. The resources were not sufficient to destroy the maratha. So Shah WaliUllah was looking at Ahmed Shah Abdali, who came to India and was crushed by Marahattas in the third battle of Panipat in 1761. The victory blew up the power of the Marahattas and paved the way for the revival of Islam in India.

CONCLUSION:
Political and spiritual resuscitation did not die for Shah Waliullah's talented son, Shah Abdul Aziz, and for his worthy disciples and descendants, who were strong in fulfilling their mission. The echo of Panipat's third battle was heard in the Battle of BallaKot. Both are milestones in the same fight. ”

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