SYED AHMED SHAHEED BARAILVI (1 786 –1 851) History || Pakistan Affairs || CSS/PCS/PMS

SYED AHMED SHAHEED BARAILVI (1 786 –1 851) History || Pakistan Affairs || CSS/PCS/PMS

SYED AHMED SHAHEED BARAILVI (1 786 –1 851) History || Pakistan Affairs || CSS/PCS/PMS

INTRODUCTION: 

The name of Syed Ahmed Shaheed is of great importance for the revival of Islam in the history of the subcontinent. Syed Ahmed undertook a two-way phase aimed at cleansing Muslim society and destroying British power in India. His approach to freedom was based on armed struggle against foreign and non-Muslim forces. He was impressed by the teachings of Shah Wali Ullah and was a stubborn student of his son Shah Abdul Aziz. From the beginning, he tended to become solid. Nawab Amir Khan of Tonki learned military discipline and strategy, which made him a great military commander in the years to come. He wrote SIRAT-E-MUSTAKEEM with the help of his great students, Shah Ismail Shaheed and Maulana Abdul Hayee. This is a perfect summary of Shah Wali Ullah's philosophy, doctrines and reforms.

PREPARATION OFJIHAD AGAINST SIKHS: 

Syed Ahmed was very frightened to see Muslims relying on their religious and ideological commitment. He sincerely wanted to restore the domination of Islam in India. The main objective before Syed Ahmed was to create a state based on Islamic principles. During Syed Ahmed in Punjab, Sikh ruler Ranjeet Singh ruled, considered an autocratic despot. The Muslims suffered a great deal under his control and refused freedom and worship. N.W.F.P. he also fell into the Sikh system. The holy places of the Muslims were transformed into temples. Azan was banned from mosques. Syed Ahmed left Mecca in 1821, along with Maulana Ismail Shaheed, Maulana Abdul Hayee and other followers to perform Hajj. After two years, he returned and began to prepare for jihad, when many followers returned.


DECLARATION OF WAR: 

Syed Ahmed believed if Punjab and N.W.F.P. Muslims freed from Sikhs will regain their position. That is why he raised Punjab to start the Jihad movement. He directed Shah Ismail and Maulana Abdul Hayee along with 8,000 followers to march with Rae Baraily. He put us in other parts of Punjab to invite people to jihad against Sikhs. Syed Ahmed arrived in Nosher in December 826 and founded his headquarters. He sent a message to Ranjeet Singh to accept Islam or be ready to face Mujahedin. Ranjit Singh rejected the offer and expressed great anger at Muslims and Islam. Syed Ahmed began jihad by provoking a Sikh army under Akora on December 1, 826. The mission was successful, and Sikh forces faced heavy losses. The Mujahideen fought the second battle of Hazro, which was also very successful. In this way, the jihad movement gained immense popularity. Many Pathan chiefs joined Syed Sahib and swore allegiance to Syed Ahmed. Yar Muhammad, governor of Peshawar, also joined Syed Ahmed, but later became involved in a plot against Syed Ahmed and tried to poison him, eventually joining the Sikhs against Syed Sahib. He was killed in 1829 at a meeting with the mujahedin. Syed Ahmed left for Kashmir, and French general Peshawar saved Peshawar. Syed Ahmed reached Hazara and attacked Sikh forces, but this attack was repulsed. Syed Ahmed again attacked Peshawar and seized him in 1830.

ENFORCEMENT OF SHARIAH: 

After the occupation of Peshawar, Syed Ahmed noted the introduction of Sharia. Syed Ahmed was declared Khalifa. The establishment of an Islamic government reduced the influence of tribal chiefs. He introduced social reforms. On November 1, 831, Syed Ahmed withdrew from Peshawar in favor of Sultan Muhammad Khan, who promised to pay a specified amount to the mujahedin.

BATTLE OF BALAKOT (1 831 ): 

After resigning from Peshawar, Syed Ahmed went to Balakot, where they were tied up by a huge army of Sikhs with a sophisticated weapon under the command of General Sher Singh, Syed Sahib, Shah Ismail and many others who gave their lives during the fight. The jihad movement did not die after Syed Sahib, but it lacked leadership.

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