Human Rights in Inappropriate Democracy || Current Affairs || CSS/PCS/PMS/IAS

Human Rights in Inappropriate Democracy || Current Affairs || CSS/PCS/PMS/IAS

Human Rights in Inappropriate Democracy || Current Affairs || CSS/PCS/PMS/IAS

Human Rights in Inappropriate Democracy:

In 1948, the newly formed state of Pakistan participated in the adoption of the ZPCh, as did other newly decolonized states. 71 years later, the UDHR is still seeking compliance by Member States and is currently in need of review, inter alia, on gender-oriented semantics and content on emerging forms of gender identity, family, work, migration, asylum, trade, religious extremism, terrorism, poverty, income inequality, information and communication technologies, the media, climate change and the environmental crisis Compared with 30 UDHR articles, 33 articles on "fundamental human rights and policy principles" in a very glorious (but significantly amended and sometimes suspended, repealed or mutilated) Pakistan Constitution goes beyond UDHR, expressing the inviolability of human dignity and ensuring detailed articulation of the rights of religious minorities.

Today, it is undisputed that Pakistan is not the first in respect of respect for international human rights principles and respect for ratified human rights instruments. We also fail in our constitutional film trichotomy of power and clearly marked civil-military borders. Civil-military relations carry the luggage of 34 years of military rule under four servant generals who took office as president, repealing the Constitution and fundamental human rights. Gen. Zia-ul-Haq mutilated him beyond recognition by the 8th amendment - his theocracy-based components are still intact, despite the 18th CA.

The right to political participation and party-based electoral politics is restored, but although it is no longer considered "young," our parliamentary democracy is still struggling with illiberal and undemocratic forces, serious polarization, vests and "electricians," feudal / tribal attitudes, and no kindness in political interactions, both within and outside Parliament. The Constitution guarantees the rule of law, as do the UN conventions to which Pakistan is a State Party, including torture (CAT) and civil and political rights (ICCPR).

They are observed more in the event of infringement than compliance. Pakistan strongly refuses to ratify UN instruments on enforced disappearances  and the death penalty - citing the "Islamic provisions" of the Constitution, which were legally introduced by a brutal military dictator. Major reforms to police law, the penal code and criminal law are needed that date back to the colonial times of the 1860s. They should be introduced into the digital age of the 21st century thanks to modern forensic, investigative and criminal methods.

Civil society activists, human rights defenders, bloggers, NGOs and selected private media houses were the targets of both state and non-state actors. Enforced disappearances remain unresolved - the highest incidence was recorded in the former FATA and Balochistan.
Balochistan remains the least reported province because of strict censorship and control over travel. Within Balochistan, the small Shia Hazara community is the most targeted, attacked and rapidly decreasing ethnic minority.

Pakistan does not protect, ensure and provide neither justice nor basic minimum needs 48.8% for women, girls, TGI , and two-thirds of the population are children and youth; religious and ethnic minorities; people with different abilities; manual workers without trade unions and decent wages; small / tenants farmers-tenants; and, above all, the deprived majority deprived of power in rural huts and urban katchi abaadis, deprived of drinking water, basic utilities, toilets, sanitation, sanitation, health, education, roads, transport, livelihood - and hope. The inequality gap widens with poverty, hunger and food insecurity.

Lack of universal access to basic health services and reproductive rights results in shockingly high abortion, mortality and morbidity of mothers and infants / children. In which other country must the ICRC carry out a survey on violence against healthcare workers, especially vaccination teams?  Similarly, it also targets girls and teachers. The frequency of sexual exploitation of children is increasing year by year, as well as gender-based violence in all its manifestations.

Despite the art. 25-A, the universal right to education, there are still 23 million children out of school, but no government has declared an emergency in education - as in the case of disasters. The new education policy (NEPF-2018) does not focus on the much-needed reform of curricula and textbooks, nor on the content of teacher education / training, thereby disregarding the unanimously supported national action plan.The radicalization of Pakistani youth, especially in Madras, remains unchecked.
Three decades after we learned that our youth bulge could become a dividend, there is still no youth policy; students march on the streets for their relationships and basic rights; young people participate in nationwide Aurat marches for women's rights.

Despite the freedom of religion, faith and conscience enshrined in the Constitution and ratified UN conventions, our religious minorities still suffer from the worst forms of discrimination, hate speech, humiliation, injustice and inequality. The Ahmadiya community is doing the worst: Christians in Punjab, Indians in Sindh and Sikhs in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa-NMD. Kidnapping and forced conversion and marriage of young Hindu and Christian girls go unpunished.

People with different abilities are still struggling to recognize their rights and basic needs, e.g. ramps for physical access; sign language for the hearing impaired; Braille printing for the visually impaired; but the most neglected group are people facing mental health challenges and deprived of long-term treatment. Some nursing homes keep residents in terrifying, inhuman conditions.
Compliance with art. 19/19-A UDHR and the constitution - freedom of expression - requires state recognition and protection of media rights and freedoms against severe restrictions, constant criticism and sermons on responsibility. At the same time, less sensationalism, stereotypes and mindless, primitive programming are needed.

The above is a microcosm of only some violations of basic human rights - covering several divisions - linguistic, rural-urban, geographical regions, sexes, races, religions, sects, ethnicity, class and so on.
Every time someone thinks they hit the bottom, the bottom falls out again. Nevertheless, there were some clear moments, one of which is the Supreme Court's extension of the definition of the right to life in connection with the environmental crisis; restoring the independence of the judiciary; SCP historical landmark judgment on minority rights (2014); SCP judgments declaring Jirgas and Panchayats unconstitutional and unlawful; SCP's acquittal of Aasia Bibi, a Christian woman who was falsely accused and convicted of blasphemy, which involves a mandatory death sentence;selected legislators completed two consecutive terms, despite violation of human rights; there are still some brave souls writing opposition poetry, prose and newspaper columns, despite state IT restrictions; human rights defenders and civil society activists continue to publicly demonstrate against the death penalty, torture, police excesses, enforced disappearances and illegal arrests; development-based NGOs still have the courage to continue to operate, despite draconian obstacles and a major financial crisis.

Despite the above, there is still a long way to go to constitutional, legal, judicial and police reforms; electoral reforms; and social policy reforms. First of all, we need a seismic change of attitude in our conservative society to move on to a progressive way of thinking; celebrating our diversity, pluralism, egalitarianism; and the pursuit of peace with justice for all. It is necessary to remind the state, but not the human rights defenders movement, of the need to comply with Nelson Mandela's call to "free all our nation from constant slavery of poverty, deprivation, suffering, sex and other discrimination" - especially on the basis of religion, sect, ethnicity, gender, age, class, caste, feudal / tribal affiliation, education status, and geography. It will take visionary leadership - showing remarkable empathy, courage and political will to oppose anti-democracy, illiberal forces and orthodoxy. We continue our fight, without losing hope, but with eyes wide open and vigilant, despite the smog that surrounds us and suffocates us.

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